How long should a petrochemical shelter run for in stand-alone mode? Safe haven or refuge chamber duration should be determined on a risk-based approach.
A refuge chamber, also known as refuge station, is a sealed environment, built to sustain life during an emergency or hazardous situation.
Refuge chamber quality that do not meet these standard requirements cannot safeguard against an emergency. Lower quality, or unmaintained chambers, compromised the safety of underground personnel.
Oxygen candles are used as a backup source of breathable air in an emergency. They supply an on-demand source of oxygen, utilised in aeroplanes, space stations as well as other applications such as safe havens and refuge chambers. A safe supply of oxygen is critical to support life. We are dependent on oxygen for survival; […]
Psychological stresses can impact decision making as well as physical state and behaviour when inside a refuge chamber.
Understanding what it feels like to be inside a refuge chamber can improve the response of entrapped personnel.
How long should a refuge chamber run for in stand-alone mode? Safe haven or refuge chamber duration should be determined on a risk-based approach.
Heat can quickly accumulate inside a refuge chamber, proper cooling systems are an essential to keep occupants safe.
India recently held a workshop on New Austrian Tunnelling Method (NATM) and Tunnel Boring Machine (TBM) Tunnelling.
The adoption and enhancement of safety standards positively impacted economic processes.